Lithium is a relatively rare element that is found in very small concentrations in many different rocks and also in brines. Very few of these sources have potential commercial value. The largest reserves of commercially available lithium salts are found in the brine deposits in dry sea beds located in a few South American countries where the US Geological Survey estimates the total reserves to be in excess of 12 million tons.
Since World War II the production and use of Lithium compounds have greatly increased. The main uses of Lithium compounds include Lithium oxide and Lithium carbonate for use in the production of ceramics and glass, Lithium carbonate for use in the production of Lithium ion batteries and Lithium Stearate for use in lubricants.
Lithium compounds namely Lithium Cobalt Oxide and Lithium Iron Phosphate used in battery applications have specific particle size distribution requirements. HCPS has Mikro ACM milling systems to produce the specific particle size distribution required for use in high performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. Ultra-fine lithium powders used in Lithium Ion battery applications, result in improved battery performance. Performance improvements include higher useable capacity, longer life cycles, faster charging rates, higher efficiency, consistent discharge rates and size and weight advantages.